Capital of the province of the same name, Aswan is located at the first cataract of the Nile. The city was already mentioned as the door of trade with Nubia and Africa during Antiquity.
At the crossroads of Egypt and Africa, Aswan hosted the caravan loaded with ivory, wood, gold, spices, incense, wild animals … destined for the Pharaoh, temples…
Aswan was also an important religious center with the temple of Isis Philae and later, in the Christian period, became the center of a bishopric until Ottoman domination. Since the 19th century, Aswan is very popular as a resort during the winter by the Westerners for its climate, clean air and always blue sky…
Aswan has kept its own character: the charm of the novels of Agatha Christie, its landscapes of dream at sunset, its mixture of scents and spices in its market… make this city a relaxing city with an African character.
Kom Ombo: located 45 km north of Aswan, this temple dedicated to two gods, the god Sobek has crocodile head and Haroenis god has hawk head is divided equally along a central axis, the right part is dedicated to God Sobek and the left to Haroenis.
The High Dam: decided by President Nasser, the High Dam was built from 1960 and inaugurated in 1971. It was designed to regulate the flow of the Nile River in order to increase the arable land in Egypt. It is the largest artificial pool restraint of the world.
The Nubian Museum: this small museum resolutely modern traces the history of Nubia from
prehistory to the present day. It houses 2,000 pieces highlighted by an original thematic design as geographical, archaeological, religious, as ethnological.
The temple of Philae: dedicated to Isis, built in the 4th century BC. And completed by the Roman
emperors. It is one of the last temples still in activity, despite the prohibition of pagan cults. After the construction of the first dam, the Philae Temple was engulfed for a period of 30 years. In 1960, under the auspices of UNESCO, the temple was rebuilt on the nearby island of Agilikia. It has regained its geographical and astral disposition of origin.
The tombs of governors and senior dignitaries: staggered on the cliff, dug on the side of a hill where there are about forty rock tombs. Some are not well-preserved, but we can observe the representations of the daily life.
Saint Simeon Monastery: This monastery is one of the largest and best preserved Coptic monasteries in the country. Saint-Simeon was built from the 6th century AD, degraded by Salah Eldin (1173) during the Muslim invasion.
Elephantine Island: historical cradle of Aswan city, its name is drawn from the pachyderm-shaped rocks. From the Old Kingdom, a temple dedicated to Khnum, god potter, creator of humanity, was built there. We can admire the ruins of this temple with sarcophagi of sacred rams, a small museum and also the Nilometer with engraved walls.
The granite quarries and the unfinished Obelisk: stones of predilection of the pharaohs for obelisks and pyramids. This career was exploited until the Greco-Roman era. Following a crack, there is an obelisk model to examine stone cutters techniques during the Pharaonic era.
Kitchener Island: also called “The Island of Flowers”, is a true open-air museum with botanical rarities from the Far East and Africa.